Celebrating 15 Years at Microsoft
Lessons from staying with the same team and same product for a decade and a half
In 2020, I celebrated 15 years at Microsoft. It’s been an incredible journey from fresh college hire to a Partner Director of Product managing a team of 30+ product leaders and supporting hundreds of engineers. Most controversially and uniquely, I’ve stayed on the same team and product that entire time and I think it’s given me a unique perspective on career, leadership, and our role as technology’s stewards that I reflect on below in the form of a note to my former self. This note was originally published internally to my work colleagues on the day of the milestone last year, and is lightly edited here.
It’s hard to reflect the awesome privilege, luck, and support network that I’ve had in my time here that were the primary determinants of my success, and I’ll ask for grace as I do my best to synthesize my own lived experiences.
Dear fresh-out-of-college Adam from 2005:
Congrats on your job with Microsoft. What an interesting time to start in tech - you just signed up for Facebook as it launched at UCLA right before you graduated (I’m sure you remember FB’s initial rollout was school by school), Google IPO'd one year ago, the iPhone will launch in 2 years, and the cloud is nothing more than a currently tried and failed strategy that enterprise customers say they won't buy in to. You’ve seen web & mobile go from niche to worldwide indispensable utility and are beginning to realize the impact to your industry of all the unsolved negatives that powering the world economy and every individual in it brings.
In your own corner of the industry, you lived through a generational shift in computing from on premises to the cloud. A paradigm shift is fascinating to experience as you try to stay customer focused under a cycle of unbundling and re-bundling and significant movement up the value chain.
The most controversial part of your career is that you stayed with the same product and team for 15 years. This was not the plan and leaves you reflective on how to avoid states like good enough and comfortable. If “the unexamined life is not worth living,” how can one do enough self-examination without seeing what’s out there? Your owned lived experience these past 15 years proves there are dividends in long term learnings of staking out a product and team as a home. Here’s 15 things I’ve learned in 15 years, most of which I wouldn’t have learned had I jumped around teams and products frequently.
Let’s start with a few learnings on managing your career and the role of product manager.
1.👕 Early on: Prioritize fit over growth. For the first 5 years out of college, you’ll ask yourself more what you love to do rather than how to have a great career. You treated this just like a product backlog and ensured you had a flow of good options to bubble sort your current job against. Not other PM jobs but expanded directions to really assess joy and passion. You’ll have a fellowship that gives you an option to go back for a PhD in 2 years; you’ll consider switching to being a dev; you’ll sit in on MBA classes. All of these will rank poorly against the notion of going deep on product at a large company, but you’ll gain confidence by asking yourself the questions. Doors will indeed start to shut 5 years into the career, where the consequences of a non-linear career shift increase, but the unhappiest folks you work with are those who never pressure tested their role or job. They optimized for growth over fit.
2. ✌ Define what "Be Epic" means to you. You’ll see a lot of laptop stickers with the word “epic” on them in your industry. Many will define it as founding a startup or doing something no one has done before. That won’t sit well with you – too much disruption worship and not enough user empathy. To you, epic just means having extreme pride in the quality of the work, the results that delivers, and the brand it develops. You'll remember vividly that one of your first projects at the company was to write 50 error strings for various problem conditions. You took the time to understand each condition, establish a consistent error taxonomy, and just in general write the best damn error strings on the planet. It's not that it was hard; it was just that no one else had time to go deep like that. It felt good to see the positive response from your peers and management and it'll motivate you to keep looking for hidden opportunity you can be epic at. So ya, error strings can be epic too.
3. 📝 Blog about it. You chose a job that is more about pattern matching than most other professions. What is this product problem most like? Have conditions changed or is the right answer the same as before? You’ll quicken your pattern matching skills by taking the time to synthesize and reflect. You’ll get a reputation for blogging about topics like career and time management and strategic takeaways from major events and you hope some folks find it useful, but the truth is you use these to organize your own thoughts and speed up your own decision making. You are an essayist at heart.
4. 🏓 Define boredom. If you are going to stay on the same team, you need to watch your own boredom. But what is boredom anyway? Frameworks help. You’ve seen many over the years and two stick out to you: Daniel Pink's Autonomy, Mastery, and Purpose is the best quick framing of what goes into staying motivated. And the Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi’s Flow Diagram is a high bandwidth way of ensuring you think about peak performance.
5. 🏄️ Your profession is a wave to surf not a ladder to climb. Over 15 years, the job of PM at Microsoft has totally transformed. Well over half of the skills that mattered when you started are not useful 15 years later. When you started, new PMs read Design of Everyday Things, dreamed up ideas with only qualitative data, and owned most of the UX flows of the product. 15 years later, PMs read Inspired and we partner deeply with a strong design and data science team to set outcomes and test directions. Every 2-3 years new trends will develop or be recycled – data, design, strategy, scenario focus, OKRs - you’ll spend the time to stay on top of them for yourself and your team. Don’t get lazy or complacent here – your job requires constant reinvention.
Software is about people, not bits
At Microsoft, the biggest multiplier on your impact is the scale of working on problems that require hundreds or thousands of people to properly solve. It’s the biggest reason you don’t go back for the solitary pursuit of a PhD. You’ll develop a core thesis of how you want to influence, connect, and bond.
6.🧠 Wiring neurons is a deliverable. As you grow more to coaching aspiring PMs, the most impressive PMs are those who not only think they are right but are willing to put in the commitment to gain buyoff of that fact. Unabashedly, the job of a PM is to form a coalition around ideas and plans with stakeholders who have different lens than you. This is not political; it’s the key to solving ever increasing complexity and ensuring Microsoft solves the tough problems for our customers instead of foisting it off on them. Satya’s leadership principles are some of the best framing around this that you’ll see – in particular the explicit bifurcation between generating energy around new ideas vs. creating clarity on committed plans. Those are different activities with different tools and awareness of mode will be an important ingredient to your influence.
7. 🤗 Find your “First Team.” Microsoft is highly matrixed, even more so as a middle manager. Your team, vTeams, partner teams, other disciplines, peer PMs. And it’s important to create a great environment for the people who report through you – but the key to happiness is to ensure you can define a “first team” of peers in PM and other disciplines that you can rely on for support. Find the space where you can be yourself and broker the deep relationships among those with similar roles or different roles but the same objectives. Your unhappiest times are when you tried to create your own team tribe vs. joining the one around you.
Given your product’s large number of user jobs and businesses, you quickly grow into the role of portfolio owner and spend more time honing strategic framing skills. The context here is that your product matures from a new entrant for Microsoft into an established business and a usage well for the company that needs to be modernized.
8. ❓ Strategy is a hedgehog; execution is a fox (Reference). For your journey, product strategy will be an exercise in crafting a simple, unifying theme mapped to team expertise (the so called single theory hedgehog), while execution will be a constant expansion of new tools and technologies and shared components (the multi-tooled fox). It will be important to concretely understand your team’s role and strategic influence – there are so many types of teams at Microsoft and it’s silly of us to deploy labor and capital in a non-specialized way (link). Your team owns high scale UX components with particular specialization in building websites and other enterprise composite experiences with a bent towards knowledge and engagement back to the organization. Be very suspicious when asked to do something not aligned with your team’s strengths. Answer the question: “Out of every team at Microsoft, is this the team we’d pick to deliver on this?” Yet once an idea is passed that sniff test, don’t be afraid to try new execution methods, technologies, and work in distant code bases.
9. 📈 In tech, it’s all a growth business. The above point to stay in your strategic lane doesn’t imply growth isn’t important. You’ll own things that could look like sustain businesses but in tech there is only growth. Indeed, your job as a portfolio manager is one of defining and manufacture growth – in skills, headcount, usage, and charter. You career highlights are mostly tied to moment of org growth - from market validating an investment with a key certification, spearheading x-product GTM with features that span products for the first time, and defining a UX and customer acquisition system to take advantage of time to value improvements of the cloud. Finally, one of your more important growth moves will be to help establish Cortex – showing innovation and growth within an established business, with clarity on emerging tech enabling a differentiated line extension.
10. 🥤 You see the New Coke mistake…. The most interesting strategy tension you’ll see in your 15 years is one of reinvention vs. bringing customers along. Here’s the problem: You’ll find it’s naively easier to recreate from scratch. There is a worshipping to disruption and non-linear thinking in our industry. Startups need to pivot, so everyone else must as well. All of this leads very commonly to proposals for new architectures, products, IAs, and change for change’s sake. You’ll learn over time a healthy respect for the blood, sweat, and tears required to bring customers along for the journey. In short, you will commonly see proposals that make the New Coke mistake and as someone who has been with the same product a while, you’ll find your strength in articulating stable ground truths and asking for a clear thesis for change.
11. 🧨…Satya worries about the Innovators Dilemma. And yet…while New Coke is the way more common mistake you’ll see on the day to day problems, you can’t help but reflect many of the existential problems your company will face will be more Innovator’s Dilemma inspired. The case study of Microsoft 365 will leave a mark on your thinking for the rest of your career. You’ll see your org embrace the cloud well before customers told us we needed to, ahead of much of the market, making incredibly tough tradeoffs to reuse existing code and brands for early mover advantage and customer familiarity with a clear thesis on business model and value chain placement that provided just the maximum tolerable amount of change and internal motivation.
It’s a fascinating balance – being a middle managers in a system designed to focus on the next incremental value to bring customers along, allowing leaders the bandwidth to choose the few existential Innovator’s Dilemmas to bet on. It will cause you to revere tension, balance, and context as core to your philosophy.
Motivating and inspiring others and generating the legitimacy to do so will become an increasingly larger part of your job.
12. ⌛ Know Your History. Speaking of the paradigm shift to the cloud, you’ll be shocked to see how many people frame it as a forward progress. That’s a naïve view of the history of our industry. It’s a cycle of client to server to client and bundle to unbundle to bundle that repeats itself in tech. You’ll read about DEC and IBM and Intel and be shocked at the historical similarities to what you are going through. They will also give you a healthy respect that large organizations are not nearly as set in stone as intuition implies. Satya’s leadership as CEO will allow you to experience a transformation when culture, business model, and strategy align to the right market conditions.
13. 📰 The Information Firehose. You chose to work for a multinational firm in an industry that is increasingly eating more and more of the economic activity of the world. You grew into a leader at such a firm. You have a responsibility to be aware of the larger trends and forces that your company is helping shape and a core thesis of how it is not all going to crater. You’ll read a lot of different new sources for the world and tech and settle on the following strategy: The Economist (data journalism, non-US centric view, respect for global order and norms), TechMeme (the daily firehose, but curated), Ben Thompson’s Stratechery (industry synthesis with especially precise views on China), and Benedict Evans Newsletter (product excellence inspiration). You’ll come to hate algorithmic and social news aggregators; there is no room for bad quality in your info feed and they make you a worse leader.
14. 😢 What we do matters. You’ll have friends who lose their jobs due to the disruption your product causes to the industry, as moving to the cloud requires less racking and stacking servers by customers. This has a profound impact on their lives. What a way to drive home abstract charts on cloud growth rate and disruption and value chain. What we work on matters. We have a responsibly to the systems we create. Our partners and community make three times as much revenue as we do at Microsoft and the list of scenarios and industries we power endless, so our community relationship is one of sacred trust.
15. 💖 Modern leadership is about empathy, vulnerability, and allyship. I can’t for sure know what would have happened if Microsoft had invested more in training and job evolution when we launched our cloud, but I can say having more people at our company from historically economically and socially marginalized communities would have help us spot blind spots like this earlier. Technology and society are more intertwined than ever. Modern product is so iterative that it requires deeper empathy for our customers. Leading diverse teams requires showing vulnerability and speaking publicly about allyship. You can read from Jack or Eric if you want, I suppose, but modern leaders need to spend more time reading Ijeoma and Brene. It’s where the hope of tech’s future lies.
Summing It All Up
This newsletter is called Mind The Beet for a reason – it’s a quote from Tom Robbins' Jitterbug Perfume that speaks to the eternal struggle of defining your own reality in the face of processes and pressure and systems. The first 15 years of your career will be about influencing large systems, not letting them consume you. Mind the beet.
Coda On Privilege
We end most newsletters with a note on privilege and insights into the way our family gives back. I meant what I said at the start of this post - success for me is due in large part to unearned privilege, luck, and a fantastic support network of family and colleagues. This post is not a playbook for a career or a litany of reasons for my success - just a growth-mindset reflection on my journey.
Our largest giving target in our lives so far is our alma mater UCLA. While both Helen and I were born into families with a lot of intrinsic opportunity, we both believe it was UCLA that transformed untamed adolescent into professional opportunity and leadership. Large public research and educational institutions are some of the crown jewel of our country and I can’t think of a better giving alignment for a post on my career than the institution that made me both the leader and professional that I am today.